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Type of Measure: Parent report screening tool for developmental disabilities, that has been used in epidemiological studies, surveys and as a clinical screening tool. It takes only about 5 minutes to administer in a in-person interview format.

Target Population: Children ages 2-9 years in low resource settings, mainly in low and middle income countries. Has been translated into many different languages.

Measurement properties and previous use: It has been used extensively in epidemiological studies, surveys and as a clinical screening tool in low resource settings. It has been validated.

Language: Developed in English, but has been translated into many languages. Please contact us if you have a validated translation to share.

Authors and Citations: Belmont L, The International Pilot Study of Severe Childhood Disability. Final Report: Screening for Severe Mental Retardation in Developing Countries. Utrecht: Bishop Bekkers Foundation, 1984.

Durkin M, Davidson L, Hasan M, Khan N, Thorburn M, Zaman S, Screening for childhood disability in community settings. In Marfo K and Thorburn M (eds) Early Intervention and Community-Based Rehabilitation in Developing Countries. St. John’s Newfoundland: SEREDEl 1990, pp. 179-197.

Zaman S, Khan N, Islam S, Banu S, Dixit S, Shrout P, Durkin M, Validity of the Ten Questions for screening serious childhood disability: results from urban Bangladesh. International Journal of Epidemiology, 1990; 19(3):613-620.

Durkin M, Zaman S, Thorburn M, Hasan M, Shrout P, Davidson L, Stein Z, Screening for childhood disability in less developed countries: rationale and study design. International Journal of Mental Health, 1991; 20(2):47-60.

Thorburn MJ, Desai P, Durkin M, A comparison of the key informant and the community survey methods in the identification of childhood disability in Jamaica. Annals of Epidemiology, 1991, 1:255-261.

Durkin MS, Davidson LL, Hasan M, Hasan Z, Hauser WA, Khan N, Paul TJ, Shrout PE, Thorburn MJ, Zaman S, Estimates of the prevalence of childhood seizure disorders in communities where professional resources are scarce: results from Bangladesh, Jamaica and Pakistan. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 1992; 6:166-180.

Stein ZA, Durkin MS, Davidson LL, Hasan ZM, Thorburn MJ, Zaman SS, Guidelines for identifying children with mental retardation in community settings. IN World Health Organization, Assessment of People with Mental Retardation. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1992, pp 12-41.

Thorburn MJ, Desai P, Paul T, Malcolm L, Durkin MS, Davidson LL, Identification of childhood disability in Jamaica: the ten question screen. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 1992; 15:115-127.

Durkin MS, Davidson LL, Desai P, Hasan ZM, Khan N, Thorburn MJ, Shrout PE, Wang W, Validity of the ten questions screen for childhood disability: results from population-based studies in Bangladesh, Jamaica and Pakistan. Epidemiology, 1994; 5:283-289.

Durkin MS, Wang W, Shrout PE, Zaman SS, Hasan ZM, Desai P, Davidson, LL, Evaluating a Ten Questions screen for childhood disability: reliability and internal structure in different cultures. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 1995; 48(5):657-66.

Durkin MS, Hasan ZM, Hasan Z, The Ten Questions screen for childhood disability: its uses and limitations in Pakistan. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1995; 49(4):431-6.

Licence: No license. Can be freely used and modified.

Link to measure: Ten Questions (English; hosted by; provided by author)

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